Work in Montenegro

Content:
  1. Work in Montenegro. Introduction.
  2. Types of employment: Permanent work, Seasonal work, Temporary work, Freelance.
  3. Specialists in demand in Montenegro. Popular professions and working conditions.
  4. Popular cities for work.
  5. Salary in Montenegro.
  6. How to find a job in Montenegro? Search for vacancies without intermediaries.
  7. Is it realistic to get a job in your specialty? What skills are needed?
  8. How to get a work permit? Types of work permits in Montenegro. Quotas for the admission of foreigners in Montenegro.
  9. The dangers of illegal work.
  10. Business in Montenegro.
  11. Posting vacancies on our website

1. Work in Montenegro. Introduction.

Montenegro is a small mountainous country with amazing nature, which is located on the Balkan Peninsula and washed by the warm Adriatic Sea. In recent years, it has gained immense popularity among tourists from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and other CIS countries. It is noteworthy that the annual number of tourists visiting Montenegro is several times higher than the local population, which is about 650 thousand people. And this is not surprising. Warm sea, 73 kilometers of various beaches, pleasant climate, more than 200 sunny days a year, stunning nature, clean mountain air, clear language, unity of religious and cultural values, a huge number of attractions and historical structures, as well as the friendliness and responsiveness of the local residents of this country at any time of the year attracts a huge number of tourists. Having visited this country once, many people begin to seriously think about how to move here and stay to live for a while, ah, perhaps forever.

It is quite difficult for any person to decide to move to Montenegro, and it is even more difficult for a foreigner to find a suitable job. In this article we will try to tell you about all the important points and nuances that may help you in making a decision to move, as well as when looking for and choosing a job in Montenegro.

2. Types of employment: Permanent work, Seasonal work, Temporary work, Freelance.

Montenegro is a resort country that is mainly focused on the tourism business and everything related to it. Unfortunately, despite the huge tourist flows, at present this mountainous country cannot please the population with opportunities for high and quick earnings. The average salary in Montenegro during the year is about 300-400 euros per month. Seasonal (summer) work is paid higher, but these amounts are not astronomical compared to the workload and the length of the working day — about 700-900 euros per month with a working day from 7-8 am to 21-22 pm. It is also worth considering that the unemployment rate in Montenegro is about 19.5% and one must be prepared for healthy competition in the labor market.

In order for the question of finding a job to be resolved faster, first you need to decide on the type of employment, and there are only 4 of them in Montenegro:

  • A. Permanent work,
  • B. Seasonal labor,
  • C. Temporary work
  • D. Freelance

Moreover, the concepts of seasonal and temporary work should not be confused, since they differ significantly from each other.

A. Permanent work.

Permanent employment is when an employer hires a person for a stable job and concludes an employment contract with him for an indefinite or long term. At the same time, the company is obliged to obtain a work permit for the employee, officially employ him, pay salaries, and make monthly contributions to the social insurance fund in compliance with all legal norms. For all its complexity, it is worth noting that vacancies for this particular type of employment do not depend on the season and are open throughout the year.

In 2016-2017, the most in demand in Montenegro are information technology (it) specialists, bank employees, doctors and nurses, translators of foreign languages ​​(English, German, Italian), as well as employees specializing in management and personnel management.

B. Seasonal work.

Seasonal work in Montenegro is associated with the tourism sector and is most common among Ukrainians, Russians and Belarusians. In March-April, many hotels, cafes and restaurants, nightclubs and bars, excursion bureaus and travel agencies on the Montenegrin coast open a huge number of different vacancies for everyone who wants to work in the summer. Duration of seasonal work ranges from 1 to 8 months, with a 10-12 hour working day.

When a person is hired for seasonal work, the employer, as in the case of a permanent job, is obliged to formalize the employee and make all the necessary social contributions to the relevant authorities on a monthly basis. In addition, the employer is obliged to obtain a work permit for the employee, which clearly indicates the period of work, after which the employee will need to be reissued.

If, for some reason, the employee leaves, then he has no right to continue to use the temporary residence permit document (temporary residence — «boravak») received from the employer on the basis of a work permit. According to the law, he must submit documents on dismissal and cancellation of a residence permit and only after that he has the right to re-issue a residence permit from another employer or on his own.

In the summer season in Montenegro, vacancies such as waitresses and waiters, bartenders, cooks, hostesses, guides and tour guides, animators on the beaches, promoters, realtors, diving instructors and other active types of recreation and entertainment are in demand. Representatives of creative professions have many earning opportunities: photographers, cameramen, singers, dancers, fire show performers, body art artists, as well as hairdressers and masseurs.

C. Temporary work.

Many people confuse the concept of temporary and seasonal work, but these are completely different things. This type of employment is more like a part-time job, as it only takes a few hours a day. Plus, you can get a temporary job throughout the year and combine it with your main job. In this case, the work contract is drawn up by the employer in advance, the duration of which is strictly limited.

Temporary work activities include the following areas: governess or nanny, caring for an elderly family member (nurse), maids, drivers. There are also vacancies for window washers, car or yacht cleaners, dog walking assistants or handymen (Husband for an Hour) to help single and busy people keep their homes in order.

Employees for temporary work are necessary for everyone and always, so finding additional income in Montenegro will not be difficult.

Towards the end of autumn — the beginning of winter, the flow of tourists decreases significantly, the hectic life in Montenegro dies down and, accordingly, the demand for labor decreases. That is why it is better to come to Montenegro at the end of winter — early spring, in order to have time to prepare for the upcoming influx of tourists and understand how you can provide yourself with income.

D. Freelance.

Freelancing has recently been perhaps the most widespread way of earning money in the world, and Montenegro is no exception in this regard. Why not? Sea, sun, nature, climate, natural products and reasonable prices — what else is needed for life… Freelancing can be both the main activity and part-time work in your free time, since for this type of employment, by and large, you only need time and high speed internet.

There are quite a few sites and resources on the Internet for finding a job as a freelancer. Here are just a few of them:

www.freelansim.ru,

www.freelancehunt.com,

www.weblancer.net,

www.fl.ru,

www.24freelance.net,

www.freelancejob.ru and many others.

The most important thing when working as a freelancer is not only finding an employer, but also finding a suitable way to withdraw money. There is no ideal option and everyone chooses the most suitable method for themselves, but you can try Western Union, PayPal, Skrill or currency accounts of national banks. Each of the ways has its advantages and disadvantages in the form of commissions, conversion, service cost, etc.

3. Specialists in demand in Montenegro. Popular professions.

According to the Employment Service of Montenegro, in 2016-2017. specialists in the field of construction and real estate, tourism, advertising, marketing, electronics and computer services are in great demand on the labor market among foreigners. It is quite difficult for foreigners to apply for other types of vacancies in Montenegro.

In tourism, this is usually work in numerous resort cities, for example, as a waiter, bartender, cook and other service personnel. In construction, you can find work of a very different category and qualifications — from a project manager to an ordinary handyman. At the moment, in Montenegro, this direction is the most in demand and popular, since the number of investments and the construction of new facilities is constantly increasing. The construction of luxury hotels, apartments, restaurants, entertainment centers and entire residential areas does not stop throughout the year and constantly needs specialists and labor.

It is worth noting that most employers require an applicant for a vacancy to know English, and sometimes Montenegrin languages. Foreign workers who speak only one (their) language do not generate much interest.

Popular professions in Montenegro.

For people from Russia and the CIS countries, perhaps the most popular vacancy in the Montenegrin market is the profession of a realtor. This is due to the fact that the real estate market in this country is constantly developing and expanding, and the country simply needs qualified specialists in this area. In order to successfully find a job and immediately start earning, you will undoubtedly need knowledge in the field of real estate, as well as work experience, and it is desirable that this work be in an international real estate agency in any country. In addition, knowledge of several foreign languages, including Serbian or Montenegrin, will not be superfluous, since there is a lot of foreign capital and foreign property owners in Montenegro.

Also in Montenegro, such professions are quite popular as: hotel or hotel administrator, sales manager, nanny, foreign language teacher, school teacher, cook, photographer, organizer of entertainment and educational events.

In the summer (tourist) season, when vacationers from all over the world are actively beginning to come to the country, service workers are in greatest demand. Therefore, from May to September 2017, you can easily apply for the following vacancies:

excursion tours seller;

waiter;

bartender;

housemaid;

salesman;

masseur.

When the summer season ends and the construction («preparatory») season begins, which lasts from October to June, at this time workers of construction and communal specialties are required:
engineer;
installer;
mason;
a carpenter;
plumber;
handyman.

There are still many vacancies, such as lawyers, accountants, lawyers, government officials. employees, but in these specialties only citizens of Montenegro are hired.

4. Popular cities in Montenegro for work.

The most popular and promising areas for immigrant employment are large coastal cities such as Bar, Budva and Herceg Novi. It is there that the largest number of Russian-speaking population lives. There are also places to work in Kotor and Tivat, but so far these areas are not so densely populated by foreigners. With the beginning of the summer season, these resort towns come to life and it is quite easy to find work in them, since it is tourism in Montenegro that is one of the main ways to replenish the country's budget.

Permanent work can also be found in the capital of Montenegro — Podgorica, which is located in its central part. It is the largest and most developed infrastructural city in the country. In Podgorica, there are all kinds of shopping centers, banks, representative offices of large local and foreign companies, universities, embassies of foreign states and major government agencies.

5. Wages in Montenegro.

The level of wages in Montenegro is quite low in comparison with developed European countries. On the other hand, it is worth noting that the cost of living and spending on daily necessities in this country is also significantly lower than in the same Europe.

The average salary in Montenegro in 2016 was 500 euros per month, tax deducted (excluding about 750 euros). The minimum wage is 288 euros. Based on these figures, foreign workers can expect to receive about 300-500 euros per month. The cost of food, clothing and goods for daily use in Montenegro is much cheaper than, for example, in Moscow or St. Petersburg, so this amount is quite enough for a comfortable existence. Of course, on the labor market, there are occasionally vacancies with a salary of 1000 euros and above, but, as a rule, these are offers from large Russian or foreign companies that are urgently looking for specialists of a certain category and with specific skills.

6. How to find a job in Montenegro? Search for vacancies without intermediaries.

Job search in Montenegro, in principle, does not differ from job search in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and other countries. There are several ways to independently search for work and further employment.

A. Thematic sites.

For standard queries “Jobs in Montenegro” and “Work in Montenegro” Yandex and Google will give you quite a lot of thematic sites and Internet resources, where you can find a huge amount of information about working in Montenegro. view job listings.

Especially for you, we have selected the most popular Internet sites about working in Montenegro:

www.zzzcg.me (State Employment Agency)

Lifehack: If on some of the resources you finally found a vacancy that suits you in all respects, but the publication date has passed a long time ago, try to contact the employer anyway and find out information about the job. In Montenegro, there is a constant shortage of professional staff in some areas and it can be quite difficult to find the right person. In this regard, vacancies for some positions remain open for several months..

B. Pages on social networks (Facebook, Vkontakte) and various specialized forums.

In Montenegro, the method of offering goods and services on the social network Facebook is quite common. There are created special pages and thematic groups («Work in Montenegro», «Montenegro. Work», etc.), in which you can post your advertisements about finding a job or look for information from other participants. networks and join groups dedicated to Montenegro or work in Montenegro, and regularly view their news feeds.

Also, in all these groups, you can ask any question that worries you, and migrants who have been living in Montenegro for a long time will be happy to help, give advice or suggest where to go or what can be done to resolve the current situation.

C. Recruitment Agencies.

There are also some recruiting agencies in Montenegro that can help you find a job. As a rule, these are either Russian or foreign companies.

D. Local newspapers with job advertisements.

On the pages of some newspapers in Montenegro, you can find various job advertisements from local companies. One of the most famous is called «Tender Oglasi» and is published every week in many cities of Montenegro.

F. Word of mouth.

Word of mouth is perhaps one of the most common ways to find a job in Montenegro. Most local residents and migrants who have lived in Montenegro for a long time use this method to find work. Ultimately, they get a job out of acquaintance or through family ties. Therefore, if you have relatives, friends or acquaintances living in Montenegro, start your job search with them. Perhaps they will help you with this task or give useful advice on where to go to work.

Each person starts their job search in Montenegro in a different way. Someone is looking for work in the Balkans, being at home and without a clear idea of ​​work and supporting documents from the employer does not go anywhere. Many, on the contrary, first come to Montenegro, and already on the spot get acquainted with the available vacancies, after which they will try to contact the employer directly. Some people manage to find a suitable place to work during their holidays, negotiate with the employer, and only then, after receiving a confirmation letter, they draw up documents at home and come. Everyone has their own methods and ways of finding a job, the only thing is to understand which one is right for you.

7. Is it realistic to get a job in your specialty? What skills are needed?

Every immigrant can find a job in Montenegro at any time of the year, especially if he has a higher or secondary specialized education. Montenegro is one of the few countries in Europe where foreign citizens can easily get a job in their specialty in responsible and even leadership positions. So, for example, in this resort country it is possible to work without problems in the field of science and culture, in the field of enterprise management, as well as in the field of information technology. In other words, a diploma of graduation from a higher or specialized educational institution obtained in another country is “quoted” here without any confirmation or re-examination. The only exceptions are medical specialties. Every foreign citizen wishing to get a job in Montenegro must register with the Employment Bureau. To do this, you need to provide a diploma (certificate), which clearly indicates the qualifications in a particular specialty. This rule applies to all people who have received the initial, secondary or higher education, and even holders of academic degrees or awards. Registration at an employment center guarantees you further official employment in Montenegro.

It should be noted right away that local companies give preference to those foreign specialists who know Montenegrin, Serbian or, in extreme cases, English. A big plus is a well-trained Russian language, because there are plenty of tourists and businessmen from Russia in this country. Even if you do not know the Montenegrin or Serbian language, it is still worth trying to get a job, since company leaders are quite loyal to foreigners and can take a job without knowing the language if they see your professional skills, desire to work and desire to learn the language. At first, for communication in everyday life, the Russian (or Ukrainian) language is quite enough, since the locals understand it since the days of strong friendship with the Soviet Union, and also because of the huge number of tourists from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. In the future, you can quickly learn the Montenegrin language, since it is quite simple in terms of vocabulary and grammar, and besides, there are a lot of good private teachers here. (native speakers) at relatively low prices — only 25-30 euros per month for 8 lessons. So, what is still necessary in order to get a job in your specialty in a good company with a decent salary?

1. Knowledge of foreign languages. Start learning or improving languages ​​right now — this knowledge will definitely come in handy if not in Montenegro, then it will certainly open many doors in another country.

2. Basic sales skills, including “selling yourself as an employee,” as well as communication skills. You also need to be able to present yourself as a specialist and agree on working conditions, and it is also better to learn this in advance.

3. Presence of at least minimal savings for the first time. Capital will give you the opportunity to search for a suitable job calmly and without fuss, and in case of minor failures, do not get confused and keep looking.

4. Car. This is certainly not the main thing, but, firstly, the car will allow you to move around the country faster and more conveniently, without adjusting to the transport schedule and without spending money on a taxi. And secondly, the car can serve as a backup opportunity for a temporary part-time job, for example, by taxi, transfer, delivery, etc. At the same time, among the clients you can meet the very person who will help in finding a job, because word of mouth has not been canceled yet, and in Montenegro it is quite common.

Montenegro needs good and professional specialists all year round, so any foreigner can find a job here, if he really wants it..

8. How to get a work permit? Types of work permits in Montenegro. Quotas for the admission of foreigners in Montenegro.

Work in Montenegro, like in many other countries of the world, requires official registration. Any work without appropriate permits can result in significant fines, both for the employee himself and for the employer.

The procedure for obtaining a work visa can be divided into 2 stages: obtaining a work permit and obtaining a temporary residence permit — boravaka on its basis.

The basis for concluding an employment agreement is a work permit issued by the local labor inspectorate — Zavod za zaposljavanje. Without knowledge of the Montenegrin language, it is quite difficult and that is why the employer himself is engaged in the paperwork.

In order to obtain a work permit and, in the future, get a job in your specialty, you first need to carry out the procedure for confirming a diploma of education — nostrification. The presence of a nostrified diploma and an insert to it is a prerequisite for the issuance of a work permit. In the event that a potential employee does not have a higher education under his belt, it is necessary to nostrify a diploma of secondary special or school education. The only exception is that only the director of the company may not go through the procedure for recognizing educational documents.

It is worth noting that recently the policy of the Montenegrin government is aimed at limiting labor migration, so the employer, in the process of going through all the bureaucratic procedures, will have to walk for a long time to various authorities and leave 200 euros or more.

To obtain a work permit, the Labor Inspectorate is provided with:

— Certificate of payment of taxes;

— Application of the employer for employment;

— Application for open vacancies;

— Nostrified diploma and an insert to it for any employee, except for the director;

— Copy of the employee's passport;

— Receipt for payment of state duty;

— Certificate of payment of taxes on wages from the previous employer, if the job is not the first.

After obtaining a work permit, a migrant can apply and receive a temporary residence permit for a period of 1 year.

To obtain a residence permit, you must contact the Immigration Service (MUP) and submit the following documents there:

— Work permit;

— Police clearance certificate with apostille on the reverse side;

— The original rental agreement or an extract from the cadastre on the ownership of housing — list nepokretnosti;

— Copies of all pages of the passport;

— Translation of the passport into the Montenegrin language;

— Medical insurance or medical examination certificate in Montenegrin;

— A bank statement confirming the availability of a sufficient amount of funds on an account with any of the banks in Montenegro. In total, the amount should be 3650 euros, but in 2017, immigration officers will accept documents even if there is an amount of 1000 euros on the account;

— Receipt for payment of state duties.

After obtaining a work visa, you must come to the tax office, draw up and register a work book, as well as get health insurance and get a medical book (zdravstvenu knjizicu).

In cases where a work permit is issued only for the purpose of obtaining a temporary residence permit (residence permit or «boravak») — an immigrant can seek help from specialized firms or a lawyer providing such services. The cost of such assistance can range from 100 to 500 euros, depending on the company and the appetite of the «helper».

Types of work permits in Montenegro:

1. Personal work permit.

Issued to foreigners with permanent resident status. The document allows you to work in Montenegro without any restrictions on an equal basis with local residents. It is of unlimited nature, in special cases it can be issued for one year.

2. Work permit.

The right to work in Montenegro, on the basis of which an employment contract is concluded. The standard document is issued for one year, with the right to renew for another two years.

3. Work permit.

As a rule, it is applied for temporary or seasonal employment for a short period, usually up to 6 months. The terms are prescribed in the employment contract.

Certain categories of foreign workers do not need a work permit in Montenegro, usually temporary work. These can be, for example, athletes, scientists, representatives of the creative professions, journalists, diplomats.

Important! The holder of a work permit in Montenegro does not have the right to change the employer and the workplace that goes beyond the scope of the current employment contract.

Quotas for the admission of foreigners to work in Montenegro.

In Montenegro, until October 31, every year, the government publishes quotas (a fixed number of work permits), which limit the issuance of work permits to foreigners, thereby supporting the maximum employment of the local population. Specialized departments are constantly conducting in-depth analyzes in the country in terms of spheres of activity, professions, territorial needs for specialists, and on these grounds they form special quotas.

This situation is further aggravated by the fact that according to the recently adopted law on foreigners, civil servants first need to look for a Montenegrin for “your” workplace, and only then, if no one is found, you are issued a work permit.
There are some types of employment and categories of foreigners in Montenegro that are not subject to quotas, for example:
— holders of a personal work permit;
— family members of Montenegrin citizens, foreigners with permanent residence and refugees (spouses and children under 21);
— professional athletes and sports workers with a valid contract; — foreign specialists working in Montenegro on the basis of international agreements;
— teachers of Montenegrin universities, providing education in the language of ethnic minorities;

— representatives of foreign companies.

9. The dangers of illegal work.

Labor relations in Montenegro are regulated by the main labor law — Zakon o zaposljavanju i radu stranaca. The provisions of this law clearly regulate the hiring of foreigners, the length of the working week, the rules of payment, the procedure for dismissal, and much more. In addition, the provisions of this law oblige the employer to calculate and pay taxes on the salary of each employee hired. The law is especially strict with regard to the official registration of employees in the company staff, and illegal work can be costly for both the employee and the employer.

The employer does not have the right to conclude an employment contract with an employee who does not have a work permit for his company and does not have a residence permit. In this case, he can be fined in the amount of 500 to 20,000 euros. A foreign worker is required to keep a work permit at his workplace. Otherwise, both he and the director will be fined 200 euros each, and the company itself, which committed the violation, will pay 400 euros to the state treasury.

10. Business in Montenegro.

Working in Montenegro is not only hired labor and freelancing. Some foreigners who come to Montenegro to earn money and have not found a suitable vacancy, take risks and open their own business based on their financial capabilities. Someone rents their car with a driver. Others make and sell dumplings, dumplings, sushi and other national dishes. Still others open small cafes. Some conduct private excursions, ride boats on Lake Skadar or yachts in the Adriatic Sea, fly with them on paragliders, go rafting down mountain rivers or organize hikes in the mountains.

The most popular types of businesses in Montenegro are:

Rent of cars, mopeds or motorcycles;

Beauty salon or massage room;

Hotels, hotels or apartments;

Grocery store opening;

Opening a cafe or restaurant;

Travel agency;

Opening of an entertainment center (rafting, paragliding, rock climbing, etc.).

In any case, if you want to start your own business, you must first study all kinds of thematic forums and various groups in social networks in order to understand what needs local residents, emigrants and tourists have, which niches are highly competitive, and which, on the contrary, are free.

Of course, opening your own business entails considerable investments, and not everyone has them. However, those entrepreneurs who believe that they will be able to afford this type of activity can safely open it in Montenegro and receive considerable profit, of course, subject to active promotion in the market and high quality services. And be prepared for the fact that the competition will not let you relax.

The procedure for opening a company in Montenegro is quite simple.

To pay the authorized capital in 2017, it is enough to deposit 1 euro on the account. The types of activities that a firm can carry out are spelled out in its Charter. If the business is related to the sale of bulk products or the preparation of food, each employee of the company must draw up a health book. If the owner of the company wants to work with tourists in the coastal area, he will have to go through the auction at Morskom dobro. This organization annually sells to everyone the right to engage in this or that type of activity in the coastal strip. Among others, these include:

— beach rent;

— cafes and restaurants;

— discos;

— amusement parks;

— sale of ice cream;

— cinemas;

— grocery and department stores;

— sale of excursion packages.

It should also be remembered that opening a company in itself will not allow you to obtain a residence permit. To register it, you need to provide the immigration service with a work permit for this company.
Also, in connection with the latest changes in the Law on Foreigners, only the director's seat is indisputable. For all other vacancies in the newly opened company, initially only local residents apply, and only then foreign workers. Therefore, today it is no longer so easy to open your own company and arrange for all your relatives, friends and acquaintances (unless, of course, they are Montenegrins).

Thus, in order to start a business in Montenegro, you only need to have the desire and financial capabilities.

11. Posting vacancies and resumes on our website.

To post a vacancy on our site — go to the site and register. Then post a vacancy or resume simply and free of charge.

In order to move to Montenegro and adapt to it successfully, we advise you to carefully study the issues of legalization and employment, soberly assess your financial capabilities and acquire at least basic knowledge of the language. In this case, life on the seashore in a sunny country among the mighty mountains will be comfortable, pleasant and joyful.

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